Complete guide Everest Base Camp Trek

Complete Guide to Everest Base Camp Trek

Mount Everest, the tallest mountain in the world, is a dream destination for many adventure seekers. The Everest Base Camp Trek is a popular trek that takes you to the base camp of this mighty mountain. This trek is a challenging and exciting adventure that requires proper planning and preparation. In this complete guide to Everest Base Camp trek, we’ll cover everything you need to know to plan your Everest Base Camp trek.

1. When to Go to Everest Base Camp Trek?

The best time to trek to Everest Base Camp is from March to May and September to November. The weather during these months is relatively stable, and the skies are clear, providing excellent views of the surrounding mountains. During the monsoon season (June to August), the trails can be slippery and dangerous, and during the winter months, the temperatures can drop well below freezing.

2. Trekking Permits

To trek to Everest Base Camp, you will need to obtain two permits:

  • The Sagarmatha National Park Permit and
  • The TIMS (Trekkers’ Information Management System) card.

You can obtain these permits from the Nepal Tourism Board in Kathmandu or a registered trekking agency.

3. Fitness and Training

The Everest Base Camp trek is a physically demanding trek that requires a good level of fitness. You will trek for several hours each day, often at high altitudes. It’s essential to prepare yourself both physically and mentally before embarking on this trek. It’s recommended that you start training at least three months before your trek, focusing on cardio and strength training exercises.

4. Altitude Sickness

Altitude sickness is a significant concern on the Everest Base Camp trek. As you climb higher, the air pressure decreases, and the air becomes thinner, making it more difficult to breathe. This can lead to altitude sickness, which can be life-threatening. It’s essential to acclimatize properly by taking rest days and ascending slowly.

5. Accommodation and Food

Several teahouses and lodges along the Everest Base Camp trek route offer basic accommodation and food. The rooms are usually shared, and the facilities are basic, but they are clean and comfortable. The food is simple but tasty, and you can expect to find a variety of dishes, including Nepali, Indian, and Western cuisine.

6. Packing List

It’s important to pack wisely for the Everest Base Camp trek. You will need warm and waterproof clothing, good-quality trekking boots, a sleeping bag, a backpack, a headlamp, a water bottle, and other essential items. It’s also advisable to bring some cash with you, as there are no ATMs along the trekking route.

7. Trekking Route

The Everest Base Camp trek is a 12-14-day trek that takes you through some of the most beautiful landscapes in the world. The trek starts in Lukla and takes you through the Sagarmatha National Park, passing through several Sherpa villages, including Namche Bazaar, Dingboche, and Gorak Shep. The final destination is the Everest Base Camp, which is located at an altitude of 5,364 meters (17,598 feet).

Recommended Read: How Long Does it Take to Climb Mount Everest?

8. Hiring a Guide or Porter

It’s not mandatory to hire a guide or porter for the Everest Base Camp trek, but it’s highly recommended. A guide can help you navigate the route, provide information about the local culture and history, and assist you in case of any emergencies. A porter can carry your heavy backpack, allowing you to focus on enjoying the trek. Hiring a guide or porter also supports the local economy and provides employment opportunities for the local people.

9. Safety

Safety is a top priority on the Everest Base Camp trek. It’s essential to follow the advice of your guide, stay hydrated, and take rest days as needed. It’s also recommended to carry a first aid kit, as well as any necessary medication. In case of any emergencies, there are several rescue services available along the trekking route.

10. Environmental Concerns

The Everest Base Camp trek is a beautiful but fragile environment. It’s essential to practice responsible trekking, including carrying out all your trash, using eco-friendly products, and respecting the local culture and customs. It’s also important to avoid using single-use plastics and to conserve water and energy as much as possible.


The Everest Base Camp trek is a challenging and rewarding adventure that requires proper planning and preparation. By following this guide, you’ll be well-equipped to plan your trek and enjoy the stunning beauty of the Himalayas. Remember to stay safe, practice responsible trekking, and respect the local culture and environment. Happy trekking!