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Upper Mustang Trek

  • Duration: 17
  • Destination: Nepal
Upper Mustang Trek
  • Destination Nepal
  • Activity Trekking
  • Trip Grade Moderate
  • Max. Elevation 4010m
  • Best Time March to May and Sept to Dec
  • Group Size 2-30


The Upper Mustang trek is a captivating journey through the remote and mystical Mustang region of Nepal. This unique trek takes you to the hidden kingdom of Mustang, a restricted area that preserves its ancient Tibetan culture and stunning landscapes.

The trek is typically for 17 days, immersing you in a world of breathtaking beauty and cultural wonders. As you traverse the arid and desert-like terrain, you’ll encounter dramatic canyons, vibrant rock formations, and towering cliffs, creating a surreal atmosphere. The highlight of the trek is reaching Lo Manthang, the capital of Mustang, where you’ll be greeted by the sight of the ancient walled city and its intricate monasteries.

The cultural richness of Upper Mustang is evident as you pass through traditional villages, interacting with the friendly locals and witnessing their centuries-old Buddhist practices. The region’s isolation has helped preserve its unique heritage, making it a treasure trove for history enthusiasts and spiritual seekers alike.

With its moderate difficulty level, the Upper Mustang trek requires proper acclimatization and physical fitness. The best times to embark on this adventure are during the spring and autumn seasons when the weather is stable, offering clear views of the majestic Himalayan peaks.

While the facilities along the trail are relatively basic compared to more popular trekking regions, the experience of exploring the untouched beauty of Upper Mustang is unparalleled. It is a journey that transports you to a different time and place, leaving you with memories of a lifetime.

Difficulty Level of Trek

The Upper Mustang Trek is generally considered to have a moderate difficulty level. Consider the following when assessing the trek’s difficulty:

Altitude: While Upper Mustang does not reach extremely high altitudes compared to other treks in Nepal, the maximum elevation you’ll reach is around 3,840 meters (12,598 feet) at Lo Manthang. Acclimatization is essential to avoid altitude-related issues, and it’s recommended to take your time, ascend gradually, and allow for rest days to adjust to the altitude.

Terrain: The terrain of Upper Mustang is mostly rugged and arid, with rocky trails, steep ascents, and descents. There may be sections with loose gravel or narrow paths, requiring careful footing. The terrain can be physically demanding, especially on longer trekking days.

Weather: The weather conditions can also influence the difficulty of the trek. While the spring and autumn seasons are generally favorable for trekking in Upper Mustang, you might encounter strong winds, temperature fluctuations, and occasional rain or snowfall. Being prepared with appropriate clothing and gear is crucial.

Length and duration: The Upper Mustang trek typically takes around 10 to 14 days, depending on your itinerary and pace. The length of the trek requires a certain level of stamina and endurance to walk for several hours each day. Adequate physical fitness, including cardiovascular and leg strength, is beneficial.

Remote location: Upper Mustang is a remote region, and facilities along the trail may be more basic compared to other popular trekking areas in Nepal. The availability of amenities such as food, accommodation, and medical services might be limited, requiring self-sufficiency and proper preparation.

Cost of the Upper Mustang Trek

The cost of the Upper Mustang Trek can vary depending on several factors, including the duration of the trek, the services included the size of your group, and the season in which you undertake the trek. Here are some cost considerations for the Upper Mustang Trek:

Permits: Upper Mustang is a restricted area, and you need to obtain special permits to trek there. The cost of these permits can vary but generally includes the Annapurna Conservation Area Permit (ACAP) and the Restricted Area Permit (RAP). As of my knowledge cutoff in September 2021, the cost of the permits was approximately USD 500 per person for the first ten days, with an additional USD 50 per person for each additional day.

Trekking Agency Fees: Hiring a registered trekking agency in Nepal is mandatory for organizing the Upper Mustang Trek. The agency will assist you with obtaining permits, provide a guide and support staff, and arrange transportation, accommodation, and meals during the trek. The agency fees can vary based on the level of services provided.

Transportation: The Upper Mustang Trek usually starts with a flight from Kathmandu to Pokhara, followed by a drive or another flight to Jomsom, the starting point of the trek. The cost of these flights or transportation arrangements should be factored into your budget.

Accommodation and Meals: Along the trekking route, you’ll find teahouses and basic lodges for accommodation. The cost of accommodation and meals will vary depending on the standard of the teahouse and the remoteness of the location. The cost of meals can increase as you go higher into the restricted area.

Miscellaneous Expenses: Other expenses to consider include travel insurance, equipment rentals or purchases, additional snacks or drinks, tips for guides and support staff, and any additional activities or side trips you may choose to undertake.

Packing list of the Mustang Trek

When preparing for the Upper Mustang Trek, it’s essential to pack wisely to ensure you have the necessary items for a comfortable and safe trekking experience. Here’s a packing list to consider:

  1. Clothing:
  • Layers below: shirts and pants that are breathable and wick away moisture.
  • Layers of insulation: For warmth, wear down or fleece jackets.
  • Shell exterior: Pants and jacket that are wind- and water-resistant.
  • Trekking pants and shorts.
  • T-shirts and long-sleeved shirts.
  • Warm hat, gloves, and neck gaiter.
  • Hiking socks and thermal socks.
  1. Footwear:
  • Sturdy and comfortable hiking boots with ankle support.
  • Lightweight trekking sandals or sneakers for evenings and rest days.
  • Extra pairs of socks for rotation.
  1. Gear:
  • Backpack (30-40 liters) for carrying your essentials.
  • Sleeping bag suitable for cold temperatures.
  • Trekking poles for stability and reducing strain on your joints.
  • Headlamp with spare batteries.
  • Sunglasses with UV protection.
  • Sun hat and sunscreen.
  • Water bottles or hydration bladder.
  • Lightweight and quick-drying towel.
  1. Miscellaneous:
  • First aid kit with basic medications, bandages, and blister treatment.
  • Personal toiletries and wet wipes.
  • Snacks and energy bars for the trek.
  • Waterproof bags or dry sacks for keeping your belongings dry.
  • Cash for permits, snacks, and tipping.

It’s important to pack light and prioritize essentials while considering the weight restrictions for domestic flights and the limited space in your backpack. Layering your clothing is crucial to adapt to changing temperatures throughout the trek. Also, remember to check the weather forecast before packing to ensure you are adequately prepared for the conditions.

Best time to visit Upper Mustang

The best time to visit Upper Mustang is during the spring (March to May) and autumn (September to November) seasons. These periods offer the most favorable weather conditions for trekking and exploring the region:

Spring (March to May): During spring, the weather in Upper Mustang is generally mild and stable. The temperatures start to rise, and the landscapes come alive with blooming flowers and lush greenery. The skies are usually clear, giving you great views of the mountains.

Autumn (September to November): Autumn is considered the peak season for trekking in Upper Mustang. The weather is generally dry and stable, with clear skies and comfortable temperatures. The autumn colors add a vibrant touch to the already stunning landscapes, and the views of the Himalayan peaks are breathtaking.

Both spring and autumn provide a great balance between favorable weather conditions and stunning natural beauty, making them ideal for trekking and exploring the cultural wonders of Upper Mustang. It’s advisable to book your permits and accommodations in advance, especially if you plan to trek during the peak autumn season.

Hidden gem of Upper Mustang

The hidden gem of Upper Mustang is undoubtedly the ancient walled city of Lo Manthang. Tucked away in the heart of the Mustang region, Lo Manthang is a mystical and culturally significant destination that showcases the rich heritage of the region.

Lo Manthang is renowned for its preserved Tibetan-influenced architecture, with intricately designed monasteries, palaces, and narrow alleys. The city is surrounded by a 600-year-old wall, adding to its historical charm. Inside the walls, you’ll discover the King’s Palace, a majestic structure that has been home to the Mustang Royal Family for generations.

Exploring the monasteries of Lo Manthang is a captivating experience, as they house ancient Buddhist artifacts, murals, and scriptures. The Jampa Gompa, Thubchen Gompa, and Chodey Gompa are some of the notable monastic sites that provide insight into the spiritual traditions of the region.

Beyond the cultural treasures, the breathtaking landscapes surrounding Lo Manthang are awe-inspiring. The arid and rugged terrain, with its unique rock formations and deep canyons, creates a surreal atmosphere that feels like stepping into another world.

Lo Manthang truly captures the essence of the Upper Mustang region, offering a glimpse into a bygone era and a cultural tapestry that remains relatively untouched. It is a hidden gem that rewards those who venture to explore its mystical wonders.


You will be welcomed at the airport by one of our staff members and transferred to your hotel for check in. Our airport representative will explain further details of the program. Overnight at the hotel with breakfast included.

Today, we will start our sightseeing tour in the Kathmandu Valley which includes cultural heritage sites such as Kathmandu Durbar Square, Swayambhunath Temple, Boudhanath Stupa and Pasupatinath Temple. Enjoy the artistic palace, paintings, sculptures and a brief look at the history of Nepal. Overnight at the hotel with breakfast included.

You will be met by your guide early in the morning for the drive to Pokhara. The drive is long but very scenic and interesting. Upon arrival, you will be transferred to Pokhara hotel for check in. In the evening, you can enjoy boating on Fewa Lake and you might wish to photograph the reflection of Mount Machhapuchhre and the Annapurna Range on the serene water. Overnight at the hotel with breakfast included.

Early in morning, we will fly between the snow covered peaks of Annapurna and Dhaulagiri to Jomsom. The sights of towering massifs rising to more than 8,000 meters, and the river with the deepest gorge on the planet are just mind-blowing. At Jomsom we will start our Upper Mustang trek to Kagbeni. This is the main gate to Upper Mustang, situated at an altitude of (2,800m), Kagbeni village dates from around the 14th century when it was a check post for traders from Nepal. There is still a checkpoint to control the groups departing for Muktinath and Mustang. Overnight at a guesthouse – breakfast, lunch and dinner included.

The trail takes us to the east bank of the Kaligandaki river. We traverse several ridges to Tangbe village. This village is a labyrinth of narrow alleys amongst white washed houses, fields of buckwheat, barley, wheat and apple orchards. We can take in the view of the Nilgiri peak which dominates the southern skyline of Kagbeni. Beyond Tangbe we will reach Chhusang village after about one and half hours walking. We cross the river and continue climbing to a huge red chunk of conglomerate that has fallen from the cliffs above, forming a tunnel through which the Kaligandaki flows. We leave the Kali Gandaki valley and climb steeply up a rocky gully to Chele. Overnight at a guesthouse – breakfast, lunch and dinner included.

Today we will ascend the treeless, waterless terrain, along the side of a spectacular steep canyon to a pass a rock cairn at 3540m. The trail then makes a long gradual descent to Samar village. The Annapurna, still dominated by Nilgiri, is visible far to the south. We’ll climb up above Samar to a ridge and descend into a large gorge. The trail continues through another valley field, crosses a stream and climbs up to a ridge at 3800m. The route traverses another pass, follows a ridge and descends to Shyangmochen. From here, we gently climb to a pass at 3770m and descend into Geling Village. Overnight at a guesthouse -breakfast, lunch and dinner included.

From Geling, the trail climbs gently up to the interesting pass of NYI La and descends below the blue, gray and red cliffs. We cross over the steel bridge of the Tangmar Chu (river) and arrive at the longest Mani wall in Mustang. We climb over another pass at 3,600 m and start the long gentle descent to Charang village. The large five-storey white Dzong and red Gompa are impressive attractions here. We can also observe the collections of statues, Thankas and other large paintings of the seated Buddha. Overnight at a guesthouse – breakfast, lunch and dinner included.

Our trail ascends steadily until Lo-Gekar. Lo-Gekar Gompa is older than Samye Gompa in Tibet. It is in fact one of the oldest Gompas the region. After visiting Lo-Gekar, we continue our upper Mustang trek to Lo-Manthang. The trail to Lo-Manthang is well-defined with some minor climbing. We will pass the walled city of Lo along the trial, then make a short descent, cross a stream and climb to the plateau of Lo-Manthang. Overnight at a guesthouse -breakfast, lunch and dinner included.

We will hike for two hours to Namgyal Gompa. This is situated on a hilltop and here is an important monastery for the local community. It also supports a local court. After our visit to Namgyal Gompa, we continue our tour to Tingkhar. This is the last village to the northwest of Lomanthang with around 40 houses. After visiting both places we will return to Lomanthang. Overnight at a guesthouse – breakfast, lunch and dinner included.

Today our trail ascends steadily and offers a last glimpse of Lo Manthang before climbing a ridge at 4070m and continuing to the Chogo La (4210m/13810ft). This is the highest point on our Upper Mustang Trek. The trail then advances to a short, steep descent and crosses the Charang River. We will climb to Lo Geker and arrive at Ghar Gompa, a small monastery. We then climb the ridge, cross a valley and alpine meadows, and then drop down a steep eroded path to Drakmar. Overnight at a guesthouse – breakfast, lunch and dinner included.

The trail now descends, passing the stone walls and fields of Drakmar before climbing to a ridge. It further descends to the lower part of Ghami and then to Jaite (3820m), dropping again to Chhung-Kah. We continue to Tama Gaon (3710m) and down to Shyangmochen. Overnight at a guesthouse – breakfast, lunch and dinner included.

Our long hike now follows a stream all the way down to Chhusang. We can also take an alternative route to Samar visiting Ranchung Cave. The alternative route is just 30-minutes longer. Overnight at a guesthouse – breakfast, lunch and dinner included.

Today we will follow the stream, pass Chhusang village and make a short steep ascent onto the valley floor. We keep ascending until we reach a small pass from where we can see Muktinath and the red painted Buddhist Monasteries. After traversing the pass, we drop down to the stream and cross via a suspension bridge. We ascend for a while and walk through the villages to Muktinath. This route is very popular for the Fossil stone “Saligrams” which is mainly found between Tetang and Gyu La Pass (4077m). It also offers a terrific 140 degree view of the Annapurna, Dhaulagiri and Tukuche Himalayan range. Overnight at a guesthouse – breakfast, lunch and dinner included.

Muktinath is one of most important destinations for Hindu pilgrims and it is also an important place for Buddhists. In the morning, we will visit Muktinath Temple. We can enjoy the magnificent views of Dhaulagiri peak from here. There are water spouts which channel into the stream running above the temple. There is also a Buddhist Monastery nearby. Our trail descends through the village of Jharkot where we can explore the Jharkot monastery; this is both a Tibetan herbal medical center and an old fortress. We continue our trek back to Jomsom. The views of the Kaligandaki valley and Kagbeni village along the way are truly overwhelming. We pass by Ekle Bhatti and finally arrive at Jomsom where we can celebrate the completion of the trek with all the trekking staff. Overnight at a guesthouse – breakfast, lunch and dinner included.

Early in the morning we will take the return flight to Pokhara. The afternoon can be spent exploring this picturesque lakeside town as your fancy takes you. Overnight at a hotel – breakfast included.

Today we will drive back to Kathmandu. Overnight at a hotel – breakfast included.

Approximately 3 hours before your scheduled flight, a representative from Tidy Himalaya will bid you farewell after taking you to the International airport. You will take away your photographs and memories of a truly remarkable adventure.

Cost Includes

  • Airport transfers–pick up and drop
  • All ground transportation
  • Your accommodation in a 3-star category hotel in Kathmandu and Pokhara with a breakfast plan
  • Your accommodation in the best guesthouses available (on a twin sharing basis) during the trek with breakfast, lunch, and dinner throughout the Upper Mustang trekking journey.
  • All paper works
  • National park and heritage sites entry tickets
  • Trekkers Information Management System (TIMS) and trekking permits
  • A licensed, English-speaking, experienced guide along with a porter (1 for two clients)
  • All the costs of guide and porter, including accidental insurance
  • Duffel bag, and sleeping bags (to be returned to us after the trek)
  • T-shirts, route map, and a travel completion certificate
  • All applicable government taxes and service charges.
  • First aid kit

Cost Excludes

  • Meals (lunch and dinner) in Kathmandu and Pokhara
  • International airfare
  • Nepalese Tourist Visa costs
  • Travel Insurance
  • Personal refreshment items like cold drinks, snacks, etc.
  • Personal utility items like laundry, telephone expenses, electricity charges, etc.
  • Personal trekking gear.
  • Tips for guides and porters

Cost and Date

Start Dates are your arrival date in Nepal and End Dates are the returning date from Nepal.
The set departure dates listed are specially quoted and specified for group joining option. Let us know if the set departure dates are not suitable for you- another dates which are suitable for you can certainly be added by us.

Currently we have No Fix Departure for this trip