Annapurna Base Camp  Trek Complete Guide

Annapurna Base Camp Trek Complete Guide

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The Annapurna Base Camp Trek is a popular trek in Nepal that takes you to the heart of the Himalayas. It is a journey that offers breathtaking views of mountain peaks, lush valleys, and traditional Nepalese villages. In this guide, we will take you through everything you need to know about the Annapurna Base Camp Trek, including the best time to go, the route, permits, accommodation, food, physical fitness, and safety precautions.

Here is the Annapurna Base Camp Trek Complete Guide

Best Time to Go

The best time to go for the Annapurna Base Camp Trek is from September to November and from March to May. During these months, the weather is pleasant, and the skies are clear, offering beautiful views of the mountains. The temperature during the day ranges from 15°C to 20°C, while the temperature at night can drop to -5°C to -10°C. It is important to avoid the monsoon season from June to August as the trails can be slippery and dangerous due to heavy rainfall.


The Annapurna Base Camp Trek starts from Nayapul and goes through several traditional Nepalese villages such as Tikhedhunga, Ghorepani, and Chhomrong before reaching the final destination of Annapurna Base Camp. The trek is around 115 kilometers long and takes about 7-12 days to complete, depending on your pace. The route is well-marked, and you will pass through forests of rhododendron and bamboo, suspension bridges, and waterfalls. The highlight of the trek is the stunning view of the Annapurna range, including Annapurna South, Annapurna I, Hiunchuli, and Machhapuchhre (Fishtail).


To enter the Annapurna Conservation Area, you need to obtain two permits: the Annapurna Conservation Area Permit (ACAP) and the Trekkers’ Information Management System (TIMS) card. These can be obtained from the Nepal Tourism Board office in Kathmandu or Pokhara. The ACAP costs NPR 3,000 (approximately USD 25) per person, while the TIMS card costs NPR 1,000 (approximately USD 8) per person. It is important to carry these permits with you at all times during the trek, as they will be checked at various checkpoints.

Accommodation and Food

During the trek, you will find a variety of accommodation options such as teahouses and lodges. These are basic but comfortable and offer meals such as Dal Bhat (rice and lentil soup), noodles, and momos (dumplings). Teahouses also offer a range of hot and cold drinks, including tea, coffee, and hot chocolate. It is important to carry cash with you as there are no ATMs on the trail. The cost of accommodation and food varies depending on the altitude and location, with prices increasing as you go higher.

Physical Fitness

The Annapurna Base Camp Trek is a moderate hike, but it still requires a certain level of physical fitness. It is recommended that you do some training before the trek, such as hiking, running, or cycling. This will help you to build endurance and prepare your body for the demands of the trek. The trail involves steep ascents and descents, and you will be hiking for 6-8 hours per day. It is important to listen to your body and take breaks when needed. Altitude sickness is also a possibility, so it is important to acclimatize properly and drink plenty of water. If you have any pre-existing medical conditions, it is recommended that you consult your physician before embarking on the trek.

Safety Precautions

It is important to take safety precautions while on the trek, such as carrying a first aid kit, drinking plenty of water, and avoiding alcohol. Altitude sickness can be a serious concern, so it is important to acclimatize properly and watch for symptoms such as headache, nausea, and dizziness. If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to descend to a lower altitude immediately. It is also recommended to hire a guide or porter, who can help you navigate the trail and carry your belongings. Guides and porters are also knowledgeable about the local culture and can offer insights into the history and traditions of the region.


The Annapurna Base Camp Trek is a journey that offers breathtaking views and a chance to experience the natural beauty of Nepal. With this guide, you now have all the information you need to plan your trip and make the most of your experience. Remember to take safety precautions, train beforehand, and most importantly, enjoy your journey to the heart of the Himalayas. The trek is a once-in-a-lifetime experience that will leave you with unforgettable memories and a deep appreciation for the natural beauty of Nepal.

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